How to Write a Formal Letter in French

Mastering the art of writing formal letters in French is crucial for anyone seeking to excel in professional and academic settings where French is spoken. Whether you are a student learning the language or simply need to communicate with French speakers, having the skills to craft a well-written and properly formatted letter is essential. In this guide, we will provide a step-by-step walkthrough, along with tips on language, structure, and etiquette, to help you confidently write a formal letter in French. So, if you are ready to learn how to write a formal letter in French like a pro, let’s get started!

Return Address and Receiver’s Address

The first part of a formal letter in France typically includes the return address, which is the sender’s home or work address, placed in the top left corner of the page. The return address typically consists of the sender’s full name with the last name capitalized on the first line, the street address on the second line, and the postal code followed by the city on the third line. If the letter is being sent abroad, the country where the sender resides is included on the fourth line.

The recipient’s address is then placed below the return address, separated by a line break. The format for the recipient’s address is similar to the return address, with the full name and title (if applicable) on the first line, the street address on the second line, and the postal code followed by the city on the third line. If the letter is being sent abroad, the country is included on the fourth line.

An example of a return address (or recipient’s address) in this format would be:

Oliver PETIT

125, Av. des Champs-Élysées

75008 Paris


However, it is important to note that the third and fourth line of the receiver’s address are omitted especially if the title of the receiver is mentioned in the first line.  This is because the title serves as a form of address, and including the postal code and city/country may not be necessary.

For example, a formal letter addressed to the headmaster of a school might have the following format for the recipient’s address:

Monsieur le Directeur

Lycée Paul Sabatier

In this case, the third and fourth lines (which would normally contain the postal code and city/country) have been omitted because the recipient’s title and the name of the school serve as sufficient address.

The Subject

The subject of a formal letter serves as a brief summary of the main topic or purpose of the letter. It is typically included after the address block and before the body of the letter. The subject should be concise and clearly state the purpose of the letter, as it helps the recipient understand the context and significance of the letter.

In addition to providing a summary of the main topic, the subject can also help the recipient prioritize the letter and decide how to allocate time for reading and responding to it. For example, a subject such as “Demande de congé” would indicate to the recipient that the letter is related to a request for time off, and they may prioritize it accordingly.

The Greeting

To begin a formal letter, it is appropriate to address the recipient as Madame or Monsieur, depending on their gender. If the gender is unknown, either Madame or Monsieur can be used. If you are writing to a specific person who holds a particular title, such as a headmaster or director, it is appropriate to use their title after Madame or Monsieur. For example, you could address the director of a company as Monsieur le Directeur or Madame la Directrice, depending on their gender.

The Introduction

In a French formal letter, the introduction is the first part of the letter that allows you to greet the recipient and introduce your identity. It should be courteous and respectful, as it is an opportunity to demonstrate your manners and professionalism. In the introduction, you can also indicate the reason for your letter and the context in which you are writing it. This part is important because it sets the tone of the letter and allows the recipient to understand the purpose of your correspondence. It is recommended to follow the greeting with an introduction sentence that presents your identity and the reason for your letter.

The Body

In a French formal letter, the body paragraphs are where you present the main focus of your letter and provide further explanation and details. This is the section where you outline your request, proposal, gratitude, or other purpose for writing. It is crucial to be concise and specific in this paragraph, while maintaining clarity and coherence. To structure your thoughts and make your letter easier to read, you can use short sentences and logical connectors. Remember to use action verbs to demonstrate your enthusiasm and determination. The body paragraph is also an opportunity to present your arguments persuasively and highlight your abilities and strengths.

The Closing Paragraph

The closing paragraph in a French formal letter is the final part of the letter that allows you to conclude your correspondence and greet the recipient. This part should be courteous and respectful, while being brief and specific. In the closing paragraph, you can thank the recipient for their attention and wish them a good day, a good weekend, etc. You can also indicate the next steps or actions you plan to take after reading your letter. It is recommended to end your letter with a greeting, such as « En vous remerciant de l’attention que vous portez à cette lettre, je vous prie d’agréer, Madame, Monsieur, l’expression de mes sentiments distingués.” This formula is used to show your respect and gratitude towards the recipient.

Example of a French Formal Letter

To further assist you in understanding how to write a French formal letter, an example of a French formal letter has been provided below.

Oliver PETIT

125, Av. des Champs-Élysées

75008 Paris


Monsieur le Directeur

Lycée Paul Sabatier

Demande d’autorisation de création d’un journal scolaire

Je vous écris en tant que délégué des élèves de notre lycée pour vous proposer la création d’un journal scolaire.

Je pense que ce journal pourrait apporter de nombreux avantages pour notre établissement. Tout d’abord, il permettrait de valoriser les travaux et les réalisations de nos élèves, que ce soit en matière de sport, de culture ou de vie scolaire. Cela contribuerait à renforcer le sentiment d’appartenance et d’implication de chacun au sein de notre lycée.

De plus, le journal scolaire serait un outil de communication efficace pour diffuser l’actualité de notre établissement auprès de la communauté scolaire et des parents d’élèves. Il permettrait également de créer un lien entre les différentes générations d’élèves et de promouvoir l’esprit de solidarité et de partage au sein de notre école.

Enfin, la création d’un journal scolaire serait un projet stimulant pour nos élèves, qui pourraient s’investir dans la rédaction, la mise en page et la diffusion de ce journal. Cela leur offrirait l’opportunité de développer leur créativité et leur esprit d’initiative, ainsi que de nombreuses compétences transversales.

Je suis persuadé que ce projet serait bénéfique pour notre lycée et ses élèves, et je vous remercie par avance de votre attention à cette demande.


Oliver PETIT

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